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    滲透人文素養,增強人文底蘊

    來源:萬方期刊網  時間:2018-04-16 13:39:48  點擊:

      四川省儀隴縣炬光鄉小學校 637625

      摘 要:語文教學的過程,其實也是培養學生人文素養的過程。初中階段是學生成長的關鍵時期,做好這個階段的初中語文教學對于學生人文素養的培養具有重要意義。對于初中學生而言,人文素養不僅是學生人文知識、思維方式的體現,而且還是學生心理素質、人格修養以及思想道德的重要體現。

      關鍵詞:初中語文 人文素養 培養策略

      人文素養教育就是將人類的優秀文化成果,通過知識傳授、環境熏陶,使之內化為人們的人格、氣質、修養等。它是一種社會文明程度的體現,是推動社會進步的精神力量,也是現代人不可缺少的基本素養。初中階段的學生正處于人生意志的懵懂期,學生在這個時期的情感較為脆弱。而語文則是一門集工具性與人文性于一體的學科,因此,初中語文教學要特別注重學生人文素養的培養,這樣才能全面促進學生的健康發展,促進學生積極價值觀念的形成。

      一、注重教師自身素養的提高

      教育,其實就是一個用生命去影響生命的過程,教育活動是具有人道精神的,也就是說教育是具有人情味的。在教學活動中,教師需要充分尊重學生學習的主體性,要將學生看作是教育活動的主體,教師不僅要承擔其教育責任,還要承擔起傳承文化的社會責任。而教師的文化知識素養對學生人文素養的形成有極大的影響。因此,在平時的生活中,教師要特別注重自身人文素養的培養。只有教師具有較強的人文素養,教師才會用真實情感去感化學生,從而實現師生情感共鳴,這樣才能獲得更好的教學效果。此外,教師還要注重提高自身的教學設計、語言組織、反思、表達、交流等能力,從而更好地促進學生人文素養的發展。

      二、充分展現教材中的人文元素,培養學生人文素養

      在初中語文課本之中有著特別多的富含人文精神的文章,并且這些文章通過良好藝術形象的塑造,在很大程度上都起到了喚起讀者內心情感、凈化讀者心靈世界的作用。因此,初中語文教師一定要從教材中充分地挖掘其中的人文元素,以此來引起學生對于自己的生活、所在的社會以及人生的思考。對此,教師在語文教學中要結合有關文章,利用學生討論、課堂提問等各種各樣的方式來引發學生進行思考,從而使學生在思考中提高自己的人文素養。

      三、更新觀念,打造個性課堂

      在新課程改革下,若我們依舊選擇過去的課堂教學手段,只會讓學生在課堂中昏昏欲睡,不能有效地提升教學效果。

      對一線語文教師來說,首先自己必須有一定的個性,從而影響學生、感染學生,采取與眾不同的教學手段來組織課堂教學活動,實現創新式的語文教育,將新穎的教學方法應用到課堂中來;另一方面,我們應當科學地設計課堂提問,要打破常規、不拘一格,改變過去傳統死板的教學模式,不單單局限于課本內容,要從學生的實際生活出發,有計劃、有組織地開展教學活動;最后,我們應當尊重學生的獨立人格,可對課文中的某些觀點進行顛覆,要求學生說出內心真實的感受,這樣才有利于學生人文素養的形成。

      四、貼近學生生活,培養學生人文素養

      文學來源于生活,很多文學作品中含有的人文精神以及內涵也都是作家在現實生活中的真實體驗。所以,教師在講述文章時,應該積極地引導學生去聯系現實生活,使他們回憶起自己類似的生活經歷,從而讓學生更好地了解文章內涵。一方面,教師在語文教學中要充分地調動學生結合自己經歷過的生活經驗,找到自己與文章中類似的體驗,引起學生與作者情感上的共鳴,從而更好地開展教學活動,獲得更好的教學效果。這種調動學生將自己的生活體驗帶入語文學習中的模式,不僅可以提高學生語文學習的能力,還可以豐富學生的情感,更大程度地提高學生的人文素養。另一方面,社會是語文最好的教材,因此可以讓學生在語文的學習中聯系社會生活。而學生人文素養的提高是一個長期的、需要經過積累和沉淀以及積極應用的過程。所以,教師在初中語文教學中,可以讓學生多觀察一下自己生活與學習的環境,引導學生形成一個良好的看待問題、思考問題的方式,避免學生逃避問題或者不能正確客觀地看待問題,以此來幫助學生養成良好的思維習慣和行為習慣,不斷提高學生的人文素養。

      五、通過豐富閱讀深化學生人文體驗

      閱讀理解能力的培養是初中語文考察的重點,然而,閱讀之于人文素養的提升有著至關重要的作用。當然,閱讀并不僅限于教材,教師們除了在課堂上要對學生的閱讀加以指導,還應該讓學生多進行一些課外閱讀,從而獲得豐富的人文體驗。例如你可以要求學生們每周至少讀兩篇文章,然后每節語文課在正式上課之前隨機抽查,讓他們把自己覺得好的一篇文章通過演講的方式分享給大家。這樣不僅能夠督促學生們在課外大量閱讀,還能鍛煉他們的表達能力,而且一些對演講熱愛的學生也可以因此而得到發展。除了這樣一種方式,教師們還可以在課堂上通過問題的形式去引導學生們合作探究。

      總之,在語文課堂教學中培養學生的人文素養,對學生身心全面發展具有十分重要的現實意義。

      參考文獻

      [1]胡勤平 承精髓 重人文——新課改語文教學案例探究[J].現代企業教育,2011,(08)。

      [2]韓加軍 淺談初中語文教學中對學生人文素養的培養[J].中學課程輔導,2013,(18)。

      [3]黃建文 初中語文教學中滲透人文教育的思考[J].文學教育,2010,(02)。

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